Gout occurs as a result of the buildup of uric acid salts in the body. Most often, the attack manifests itself unexpectedly, at night. At this time, the symptoms of gout are as follows: severe pain in the area of inflamed joints (usually the big toes), swelling and redness of the joints themselves, as well as general disorders - fever, weakness, abdominal pain.
Gout, diet, treatment are all interconnected. Treatment of gout is a long process, however, the priority is stopping the attack itself and relieving the pain syndrome. In the future, proper nutrition is very important, since a decrease in the consumption of products containing uric acid salts (urates) leads to a slowdown in the development of the disease. Nutrition for gout is an issue that deserves close attention, since it is the normalization of nutrition that contributes to a speedy recovery and increases the time interval between relapses of the disease. Products for gout can only be consumed certain, therefore, regarding the menu and nutrition of patients, there are many rules that you need to know.
Menu and diet
First of all, we will consider the main points of nutrition and find out what kind of diet a patient should have for gout. Doctors recommend that patients exclude animal proteins from their diet, but not only are they dangerous for people with gout - animal fats and easily digestible carbohydrates are also dangerous.
Food for gout should be frequent, but food should be eaten in small portions. Thus, during the day, the patient should eat five to six times, and at least once a week it is necessary to arrange a fasting day.
On fasting days, you can eat fresh vegetables and fruits. Moreover, they can be both raw and boiled (but without salt). It is important to remember here that you should only eat one type of vegetable or fruit during the day, such as baked potatoes or raw apples.
In addition, there is a very popular option for a fasting day - rice and apple. From the name it is clear that on this day the patient should eat rice and apples, but the rice porridge itself must be properly prepared. So, in order to cook rice porridge for a fasting day, you need to cook 75 g of rice in 750 ml of milk - this is a portion of food for one day. Porridge should be eaten in a day, in three meals. Apples can be eaten up to 250 g, and it is best to boil them or make a sugar-free compote from them.
Of course, despite the many exceptions that will be described below, the menu for gout should not be monotonous, and this is very important, because the body must receive all the necessary substances. Therefore, you need to take care of a balanced diet.
Here are some gout recipes that are both healthy and delicious.
Vegetarian borscht. To prepare borscht, you need the following products: 160 g of beets, 160 g of potatoes, 60 g of carrots, 140 g of white cabbage, 40 g of onions, 100 g of fresh tomatoes, 25 g of parsley, 40 g of sour cream.
Separately boil the beets until half cooked and grate them on a coarse grater. Then put all the vegetables (including beets) in one container, add water and cook until everything is ready. Serving borscht on the table, season it with sour cream and put chopped parsley.
Another recipe that the gout diet permits is the recipe for potato soup. So, potato soup is prepared from the following products: water, potatoes, ½ eggs, butter, flour, sour cream (25 g), herbs.
The cooking process is very simple - peel and boil the potatoes, drain the water from it into a separate container and rub through a sieve. Next, you need to prepare the sauce, for which dry the flour in the oven and dilute it in 40 g of potato broth, and then boil. Mix together the potato broth, mashed potatoes and the prepared sauce, add the egg and butter. Boil everything again and serve, season with sour cream and put herbs.
Of course, the diet for gout is not at all monotonous and, according to it, patients can eat not only liquid dishes, but also various cereals and side dishes. Here are some examples of second courses that can be included in the diet of patients.
Vegetable stew. For cooking, you need to take 6 potatoes, 3 carrots, 1 onion, 1 glass of green peas, 1 tbsp. a spoonful of butter, 100 g of sour cream and a pinch of salt.
Finely chop the onion and fry it in oil, then add the diced carrots to the pan and simmer. When the carrots become soft, you need to add there boiled green peas, boiled and diced potatoes, sour cream and salt and simmer all the ingredients for about 15 minutes. Serving the dish on the table, pour it with butter.
Eating with gout allows patients to eat porridge. For example, buckwheat. So, you can cook buckwheat porridge as follows: pour 50 g of buckwheat into 100 g of water, add a pinch of salt, stir and, covering the pan with a lid, put on medium heat. After the porridge has absorbed all the water, continue to cook it over low heat for 20-30 minutes. Add 4 g of butter to the finished porridge.
Mineral water, especially medicinal, has a very good effect in the treatment of gout. Mineral water for gout can be used both daily, as a drink, and as a fasting day - only medicinal mineral water should be drunk during the day.
There are many other recipes for gout, and you can easily find them on the Internet or literature. However, this shows that the menu is very diverse and you can choose the appropriate food for any person. But still, there are prohibited foods for gout, and this should always be remembered.
What you can eat with gout
So, we will first consider what you can eat with gout, and then we will list the foods for gout that you can not eat.
Almost without fear, patients with gout can eat any vegetables in their diet. The only exceptions are spicy ones (for example, radish and horseradish), as well as sorrel, celery, spinach and cauliflower.
Also, a diet for gout allows you to eat any fruits, including exotic ones (grapefruit, oranges, tangerines). You can eat low-fat dairy and dairy products (low-fat cottage cheese and kefir). Chicken and especially quail eggs are very useful.
From fats, you can have a little butter, and any kind of vegetable oil. Whole grain cereals, natural bee honey and nuts are highly recommended.
To summarize, you can:
- vegetables (except spicy);
- fruits, berries;
- low fat dairy products;
- drinking plenty of fluids;
- eggs and boiled chicken.
What not to eat with gout
Knowing what foods you can eat with gout, now consider what you can not eat with gout. So, it is strictly forbidden for patients with gout to consume any types of smoked meats. Meat and fish are allowed in very small quantities, but salt should be completely excluded from the diet as much as possible.
Food for gout also completely excludes foods such as:
- spices (except bay leaves and vinegar).
It is also not allowed to drink tea or coffee, and alcoholic drinks, as well as carbonated water. Meat soups and even broths, as well as chocolate and cocoa are prohibited.
Thus, observing all dietary recommendations, you can improve the patient's condition and stop the development of gout.