Diet for gastritis of the stomach and what you can eat from the food table

In autumn, there is a tendency to exacerbate diseases of the stomach and intestines. The diet for gastritis depends on the type of inflammatory process. The success of therapy is ensured by a balanced diet, regimen, and medications prescribed by a doctor.

Diet for gastritis of the stomach

The rules of medical nutrition for gastritis

In case of an exacerbation of the disease, the patient is treated in a hospital, he needs diet therapy. The tactics of choosing products for cooking largely depends on the acidity of the gastric juice. Nutritional therapy for gastritis with high acidity reduces the secretion of digestive juices, has a gentle effect on the stomach. A properly constructed diet for gastritis of the stomach plays a decisive role in the treatment of the disease.

It is important to organize a rational diet for patients with concomitant pathology:

  • obese;
  • hypovitaminosis;
  • allergies;
  • anemia.

A balanced diet boosts immunity and restores health. Among the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gastritis occupies a special place and requires urgent medical attention.

A gentle diet for gastritis with low acidity stimulates the production of gastric juice. The patient should thoroughly chew food so as not to injure the mucous membrane of the diseased organ.

The diet menu includes the following foods:

  • white chicken meat;
  • lean fish;
  • vegetable puree;
  • kefir 1%;
  • 5% cottage cheese;
  • 2. 5% milk.

In case of gastritis, it is allowed to drink fruit juices, rosehip broth, still mineral water.

The patient should eat well for several months after the last exacerbation. When making a list of products for cooking, the patient chooses only those that reduce acidity:

  • chicken eggs;
  • cereals;
  • potatoes;
  • zucchini.

The diet consists of mashed soups, boiled meat and fish, steamed cutlets, liquid milk porridge. The main meal is meals that meet the age-related needs of the patient in nutrients.

It is necessary to treat a diseased organ in a comprehensive manner, observing a diet and regimen. If the patient eats regularly and gives up bad habits, the disease quickly goes into remission. The patient is prohibited from taking alcohol, which has an exciting effect on the digestive glands.

What is allowed to the patient

The diet for gastritis patients with normal acidity includes foods that protect the diseased organ. The patient is not recommended to take hot or cold food, breakfast cereals, yeast dough products.

What diet should be in case of an exacerbation of the disease, the doctor will tell after a thorough examination of the patient. The patient should know that strong coffee and alcohol should not be consumed.

Eat small meals.

The table of permitted and prohibited foods helps to create a complete menu.

Gastritis with high acidity Gastritis with low acidity
White chicken meat. Lean fish. Lean beef. Chicken eggs. Apples, pears. 5% cottage cheese, low-fat, milk, fermented baked milk, yogurt, yogurt. Meat broth. Vegetable broth. Grated raw vegetables. Hard boiled egg. Crackers. Milk, kefir 1%, cheese. Curd-rice casserole. Grated carrots. Dried fruits for making compote.

High acidity menu

A high concentration of gastric juice damages the mucous membrane. Signs of gastritis do not appear immediately. A person complains of heartburn, belching, pain in the epigastric region.

Hyperacid gastritis develops - symptoms indicate an increase in acidity, sometimes suggesting the formation of a stomach ulcer. Proper nutrition for gastritis is aimed at eliminating junk food from the diet.

Daily use of liquid porridge is necessary for the treatment of hyperacid gastritis of the stomach - the diet includes dishes from rice, barley, buckwheat, oatmeal. The patient adheres to a diet for a long time with gastritis of the stomach - the menu for a week includes meat or fish, vegetable puree, delicious soufflés.

A sample menu for several days consists of healthy and nutritious meals.

Considering how long the exacerbation period lasts, the patient selects the optimal diet, avoids sweets, spices, smoked meats that irritate the intestines.

Therapeutic nutrition of a pregnant woman

The question of how to eat with gastritis of the expectant mother, so as not to harm the health of the child, is of interest to every woman suffering from heartburn and stomach pain. The diet is fractional, 4-5 times a day, in small portions. Bread should be eaten slightly dried, dairy products are useful.

Diet number 1, used for acute gastritis, strict, prescribed for 2-3 days. Gentle eating reduces inflammation in the stomach. The patient is advised to increase the volume of the liquid drunk to 1. 5 liters, if there are no contraindications.

Table salt is added to the diet in limited quantities. Much attention is paid to the chemical composition of products used to treat gastritis: the diet includes 100 g of fat, 400 g of carbohydrates, 120 g of animal and vegetable proteins. A full-fledged gentle nutrition allows for competent treatment - the diet is aimed at restoring the function of the stomach.

How to build a diet for focal atrophic gastritis

After examination, the patient is often diagnosed with zero acidity of gastric juice. Nutrition for gastritis of the stomach is gentle, a diet is prescribed - tables No. 1 and No. 2. It is useful to drink mineral water.

The patient is often interested in what diet to choose for gastritis - what can be eaten without harm to health. The patient is shown herbal infusions and teas. When choosing a dietary table for gastritis with zero acidity, the general condition of the patient must always be taken into account.

A therapeutic diet for gastritis aims to eliminate irritating foods from the diet. Food intake is carried out in small portions. A strict diet is prescribed for exacerbation of the disease until the patient's condition is normalized. Its duration can be several days.

Therapeutic Diet

It is impossible to cure gastritis with drugs alone - you need a special diet, and the Pevzner diet is of great help in solving this problem. The rules of medical nutrition several times increase the effectiveness of the therapy, if someone is found to have damage to the gastric mucosa - gastritis.

Diet characteristics are determined by the stage of the disease. The diet limits the use of salt, spicy, smoked, fatty, fried foods. Foods used for nutrition with gastritis, as much as possible spare the digestive tract.

On the first day it is recommended to drink water, green tea. What you can eat in the following days, the specialist will advise. Prescribe light vegetable soups, mashed, with semolina or oatmeal. For table number 1, they do not use butter and yeast dough, only once a week it is allowed to include baked pies in the menu. Meat or fish dishes are steamed. You can include in the menu cottage cheese soufflé, beef dumplings, meat steamed cutlets. The peculiarities of gastritis should be taken into account - treatment and diet reduce the inflammatory process.

Menu for erosive chronic gastritis

The main task in the treatment of an acute condition is to facilitate the work of a diseased organ, therefore the diet consists of easily digestible foods. Ready meals are served boiled, stewed, pureed, without a coarse crust.

The menu for every day with a gentle diet includes homemade jelly with enveloping properties. If the patient feels discomfort in the abdomen, a flaxseed dish is helpful. The aching pains in the epigastric region, which last several hours, are relieved by a drink made from plantain seeds.

Yogurt is a healthy food for a patient with gastritis in remission. For those who have recently suffered an exacerbation of gastritis, the product is allowed to be consumed against the background of the main treatment. For those with gastritis accompanied by stomach discomfort, slimy milk porridge and vegetable purees are useful.

Before preparing a dish, you must familiarize yourself with the list of foods that cause gastric secretion. The food should not contain spices - mustard, cinnamon, coriander, horseradish, black pepper.

Treatment for erosive gastritis involves the use of chicken egg protein in a protein shake with an enveloping effect. The use of drugs against the background of a diet quickly improves the patient's condition.

Diet food for a week for gastritis with normal acidity

For people suffering from acute inflammation of the gastric mucosa, it is recommended to include 110-120 g of protein in the diet. The composition of the diet for gastritis is expanded by the consumption of chicken eggs, which are a highly nutritious product. The menu includes carbohydrates, but their use is limited due to flour products. Fruit juices diluted with water are helpful.

The menu for gastritis for a week is varied.

In the case of a chronic form of the disease, the patient is recommended table # 2. Products containing essential oils are excluded from the diet:

  • garlic;
  • radish;
  • black radish;
  • sorrel.

The patient needs to eat every 3-4 hours, which helps to normalize the pressure in the stomach and duodenum and regulates the emptying of the gallbladder.

Avoid cholesterol-rich foods during remission:

  • goose or pork liver;
  • fatty poultry;
  • lamb;
  • moderately fatty varieties of sturgeon fish.

The list of prohibited products is supplemented by flour products, wheat bran, dried fruits, spicy cheese varieties, legumes, mushrooms, red and black currants. The patient needs to refuse salads from fresh vegetables, milk whey, rye bread.

Diet for weight loss - the cause of acute gastritis

In pursuit of a beautiful figure, women follow newfangled diets, regardless of their health. Symptoms and treatment of acute gastritis in adults have their own characteristics, since the disease can become chronic and cause the development of stomach ulcers.

Patients with acute gastritis lose a lot of weight.

The process of weight loss is caused by the appearance in the body of toxic metabolic products that increase the load on the stomach, liver and kidneys.

Protein is a common cause of acute gastritis. A change in the composition of gastric juice occurs if the patient abuses a diet in which the content of animal and vegetable fats is sharply limited.

Rapid weight loss causes stomach and intestinal problems. Often, a woman is fond of mono-diets, which lead to a deficiency of nutrients and vitamins, the development of acute inflammation in the stomach and intestines.

The use of baking soda is a dangerous and useless way to lose weight, causing gastritis of the stomach and chronic burns of the mucous membrane, a violation of the acid-base balance. Acute inflammation occurs after patients use a diet for weight loss against the background of type 1 diabetes mellitus, thyrotoxicosis, tuberculosis, and oncological diseases.